Diabetes-related Diseases

Ketoacidosis in Diabetes

It is a medical emergency condition that must be treated immediately. It occurs in diabetics as a result of a severe deficiency in the amount of insulin leading the body to break down fat to obtain energy, which results in an accumulation of ketones in the body. It often occurs in people with type 1 diabetes, but sometimes it can affect people with type 2 diabetes, it can be life-threatening if not diagnosed and treated quickly.


  • Feeling very thirsty.
  • Urinating more than usual.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Deep, rapid breathing with a fruity smell.
  • Feeling lethargic and having difficulty paying attention.
  • Loss of consciousness and may sometimes lead to coma.

Detection of ketoacidosis:
A home blood and urine test kit can detect:

  • High blood sugar level (hyperglycemia).
  • High level of ketones in the urine.

Treatment is done in the emergency room and may include the following:

  • Compensating fluids lost through frequent urination, in addition to helping relieve excess blood sugar.
  • Insulin.


  • Checking blood sugar levels.
  • Maintaining blood sugar levels in the target range as much as possible.
  • Taking medications as prescribed, even when feeling better.

Last Update : 05 September 2023 08:06 AM
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