Diabetes-related Diseases
Type 2 Diabetes


​                                                           Type 2 Diabetes​
​Cause
​The underlying cause of type 2 diabetes remains unknown, but there are risk factors that may contribute to developing this disease.



Risk factors

  • Age: The risk of suffering type 2 diabetes increases as you get older.
  • Overweight: is a main risk factor for type 2 diabetes.
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Family history: The risk of type 2 diabetes increases if your parent or sibling (or any first-degree relative) has type 2 diabetes.
  • High blood pressure, and high cholesterol
  • History of heart disease
  • History of gestational diabetes







Treatment
​The aim of the treatment is to keep the patient’s blood sugar levels within the normal range, and reduce the risk of developing complications.
Prediabetes treatment:
  • Losing 7% of body weight.
  • Exercising 30 minutes a day, five days a week (150 minutes per week).
Type 2 diabetes treatment:
  • Healthy lifestyle: Choose foods lower in fat and calories and higher in fiber. Aim for a minimum of 150 minutes of physical activity per week, and make sure to lose weight if it is above the normal range.
  • Medications
  • Insulin shots

Prevention
  • Healthy lifestyle choices can help prevent prediabetes, and therefore prevent type 2 diabetes.
  • Those with risk factors (especially those over the age of 45) should undergo regular checkups and diagnostic tests to detect the disease early and avoid complications.

​​

Last Update : 16 March 2021 06:22 AM
Reading times :

All Rights Reserved – Ministry of Health – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia ©