Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases
Heart Disease:
Heart disease is a broad term used to describe a range of diseases that affect the heart and blood vessels. These diseases vary according to how they occur; some of which are caused by a blockage in blood vessels, leading to a heart attack, angina or stroke, while some affect the heart muscle, such as congestive heart failure.
 
Some types of heart diseases:
  • Arteriosclerosis
  • Coronary artery disease.
  • Angina.
  • Heart attack.
  • Myocardial infarction.
  • Cardiomyopathy.
  • Myocarditis.
  • Congestive heart failure.
  • Heart failure.
  • Arrhythmias.
  • Stroke.
Causes:
The causes of heart diseases differ depending on the type of it.
 
Symptoms:
The symptoms of heart diseases differ depending on the type of it. For example:
Cardiovascular diseases:
  • Chest pain.
  • Severe shortness of breath.
  • Cold limbs.
  • Weakness and fatigue.
Irregular heartbeat:
  • Palpitations or slow heart rate.
  • Chest pain.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Dizziness.
Enlarged heart:
  • Shortness of breath, whether with or without effort.
  • Leg and foot swelling.
  • Fatigue.
Myocarditis:
  • High temperature.
  • Breathing difficulty.
  • Stress.
  • Rash.
Symptoms of heart attack or stroke:
  • Discomfort or pain in the center of the chest, between the breasts or behind the breastbone.
  • This discomfort can spread to other areas, such as back, neck, jaw, or stomach.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Fatigue, anxiety, tension, indigestion, nausea or vomiting.
  • Sudden weakness of the arm, face, or leg, often one side of the body.
  • Sudden trouble in walking, dizziness, loss of balance.
  • Severe headache with no known cause.
Warning: If you experience such symptoms rush to the Emergency Room to avoid complications.
Heart disease risk factors:
  • Age.
  • Sex; Men are also much more prone to heart problems than women.
  • Family medical history.
  • Smoking.
  • Diet rich in salt and/or saturated fat.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Diabetes.
  • High cholesterol.
  • Obesity.
  • Lack of physical activity.
  • Nervous tension.
  • Diagnosis.
  • Blood tests.
  • Chest X-ray.
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG).
  • Echocardiogram.
  • Cardiac catheterization.
  • Myocardial biopsy.
  • Computed tomography (CT scan) of the heart.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Treatment:
Heart disease treatment depends on the type of the disease and its causes. Generally the treatment plan includes:
  • A better way of life for patients.
  • Medications according to the type of disease.
  • Surgical intervention, if necessary.
Prevention:
Heart diseases are preventable by improving lifestyle;
  • Quitting smoking.
  • Controlling blood pressure.
  • Controlling diabetes.
  • Following-up with cholesterol levels.
  • Maintaining an ideal weight.
  • Eating healthy.
  • Exercising.
  • Keeping tensions away.​

Last Update : 29 January 2020 01:21 PM
Reading times :

All Rights Reserved – Ministry of Health – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia ©