Dermatology
Scalp Ringworm (Tinea Capitis)

What is scalp ringworm?

Ringworm of the scalp (tinea capitis) is a fungal infection of the scalp. It is most common in school-age children, and rarely affects adults. 

Other names:
Tinea.

Cause:
Inflammation occurs due to a fungal infection after direct skin-to-skin contact with an infected person or animal.

Symptoms:
  • Itching, redness, and dryness of the scalp;
  • Scales in the infected areas;
  • Bald patches of scaly skin with small black dots where the hair has broken off at the scalp;
  • Painful, swollen patches;
  • A crusty, yellow scab.

Complications:
  • Permanent hair loss
  • Scars in the scalp
  • Inflammation

Diagnosis:
The doctor can often diagnose scalp ringworm based on:
  • Clinical examination.
  • A sample from the infected area for examination under a microscope.

Treatment:
Medications vary according to infection severity. Antifungal medications that can be taken by mouth are used to treat inflammations of the scalp. Topical treatments (lotions or creams) do not often treat fungal infections of the scalp. Treatment usually requires taking the medication once or twice daily for 2 to 12 weeks, depending on medication type and infection response to treatment.  

Prevention:
  • To prevent re-infection, it is significant to discard all combs, brushes, clips or other hair care products. Family members should also be examined and treated if necessary.
  • Use the prescription-strength medicated shampoo to wash the hair of people around the infected person, even if they are not infected.
  • Don't share towels, hairbrushes, hats, or pillow covers with others. 
  • Wash towels with warm water and soap after each use.
  • Ask your veterinarian to check your pets and domesticated animals such as cats to make sure they are not infected or carrying fungus.


Health Promotion General Department
For further inquiries, please contact us by e-mail.



Last Update : 11 April 2021 03:36 AM
Reading times :

All Rights Reserved – Ministry of Health – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia ©