Cancerous Diseases
Thyroid Cancer
 

Overview:

  • Thyroid cancer is a rare type of cancer that affects the thyroid gland.
  • Not every swelling in the neck means cancer, see your doctor to check it. 
  • Hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism does not increase the rate of cancer.
  • Consult your doctor before using any medication, and follow up with a specialist after recovery.
  • It is recommended to examine all family members if one of them developed the disease, for early detection and treatment.
Defining Cancer:
Cancer is a common term of tumors affecting nearly every part of the body, there are two types of cancer: benign tumors and malignant tumors (or what called cancerous tumors), and differentiation between them can be done through tissue examination (biopsy).

Thyroid Gland:
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland at the front of the neck that regulates blood pressure, heart rate, body temperature, weight and other vital functions. 

Defining Thyroid Gland Cancer:
Thyroid cancer is a rare type of cancer, and it is more common in the 30s and after the age of 60, and women are 2-3 times more likely to develop thyroid cancer than men.

Types of Thyroid Cancer:
  • Papillary thyroid cancer (the most common form of thyroid cancer).
  • Medullary thyroid cancer.
  • Anaplastic thyroid cancer.
  • Follicular thyroid cancer.
  • Hurthle cells tumor (very rare).
Causes:
Thyroid cancer occurs when cells in your thyroid undergo genetic changes (mutations). The mutations allow the cells to grow and multiply rapidly. It's not clear what causes thyroid cancer.

Symptoms: 
  • A lump or swelling in the front of the neck.
  • Changes to your voice, including increasing hoarseness and difficulty speaking.
  • Neck pain.
  • Difficulty swallowing and breathing. 
Diagnosis: 
  • Physical exam.
  • Blood tests.
  • Removing a sample of thyroid tissue.
  • Other tests: CT scan. 
Risk Factors:
  • Thyroid gland diseases such as: Goitre disease and thyroiditis. 
  • Family history.
  • Exposure to high levels of radiation in childhood.

Treatment:
  • Surgical intervention.
  • Radiotherapy.
  • Chemotherapy. 

Consult your doctor before using any medication, and follow up with the specialist after recovery

Prevention:

Avoid exposure to radiation as much as possible.

Perform early examination if you have:

  • Excessive exposure to radiation in childhood.
  • Family history (examine all family members).
  • Having goiter (an abnormal enlargement of your thyroid gland) or thyroiditis. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):
  • Do people with hoarse voice are more likely to have thyroid cancer? 
No, the hoarse voice that suddenly appears may be a symptom rather than a causative factor.
  • ​Are thyroid cancer treatment results weak?
No, the results of thyroid cancer treatment are very good, and many people recover and live for a long time.

Misconceptions:
  • Only the elderly are at the risk of developing thyroid cancer.
Fact: All age groups are at the risk of developing thyroid cancer.
  • A tumor in the neck means you have thyroid cancer.
Fact: The presence of a tumor or swelling in the neck may be due to other health conditions such as colds or flu, but you should visit your doctor to check for other symptoms.








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Last Update 17 March 2019 09:10 AM
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