Nervous System
Headaches
 

​Headaches are among the most common health complaints and can sometimes indicate a health problem, but that's only in rare cases.​

Types of headaches:
There are many types of headaches but there are three common types:
  • Tension headache:
    • Affects both genders;
    • Gradually leads to pain, strain or pressure in the neck, forehead or scalp.
  • Migraine:
    • Causes moderate or severe pain, often in the form of a pulse;
    • Affects three times as many females as males;
    • May begin in adolescence and sometimes after the age of forty;
    • May be preceded by a change in vision or painful tingling on one side of the face or body;
    • Often associated with nausea and sensitivity to light and noise.​
  • Cluster headache:
    • Causes constant and irritating pain in and around one eye and occurs sequentially at the same time from day or night;
    • Causes redness of the eyes and colds on one side of the face;
    • Sometimes occurs regularly and is associated with light or seasonal changes;
    • Men, especially smokers, are often affected;
    • Usually lasts between 15 minutes to 3 hours.
Treatment:
Often painkillers are used as they provide effective results. If the pain did not stop for more than two days, the patient must consult a doctor for tests, as this headache may be a symptom of a particular disease, especially if the headache was accompanied by:
  • Fever
  • Stiff neck
  • Seizures
  • Difficulty breathing
Headache triggers:
To avoid headaches, you should stay away from certain triggers, which differ among people:
  • Smoking
  • Hypertension
  • Stress and fatigue
  • Change in sleep patterns and meal times
  • Hormonal changes in women during the menstrual cycle or after menopause
  • Strong lighting
  • Some concentrated scents
  • Closed, poorly ventilated places
  • Noise
Remember: Some medications may cause headaches as a side effect (e.g. contraceptive pills.)



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