Dermatology
Scabies: Causes, Transmission and Treatment
​Definition:
Scabies is a parasitic skin infection, which appears in the form of skin bumps with a severe itching (or pruritus) on the upper surfaces of wrists, elbows, armpits, thighs and genitals. It is caused by a tiny mite called Sarcoptes scabiei, and widely spreads in the places of mass gathering, such as schools, large families, prisons, camps and various boarding homes.
 
Transmission:
Scabies is transmitted from person to another through direct skin-to-skin contact or even contact with infested garments and bedclothes.
 
Symptoms:
Symptoms appear with itching, which increases at night, especially before sleeping, and its severity increases according to the prolonged periods of the disease. It causes tiny red bumps or rashes on particular places in the body, namely abdomen (around the navel and sides), webbing between fingers, wrist, armpits, thighs, and genitals. Intense itching and therapy negligence may lead to some complications, such as sores and inflammations.
 
Ways of Prevention:
Scabies is one of the quick and common diseases in all societies, which may turns into epidemiological infection, if it affects a child or a student at a school. This is because infection may be transmitted from that affected child or student to all of his/her colleagues in the classroom or those persons, who are in contact with him/her at school, and thus passing on to family members. Therefore, the infected cases should immediately be treated, and those persons who in contact with them should be examined.
 
Health Awareness on Scabies and Ways of Transmission:
People should avoid crowded places, not to use others’ clothes, and ensure the cleanliness of bedclothes, especially in crowded places, such as boarding homes, prisons and camps, as well as disinfecting, or boiling and ironing the patient's clothes.
 
Treatment:
Once scabies is properly diagnosed, it can be easily treated, in terms of treating the cases, and examining and treating those persons who are in contact with them, in addition to eradicating the source of infection. There are many drug formulations proved effective in scabies treatment, such as ointments or lotions for the affected skin, given that treatment does not take more than three or four days.
 
 
 
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Last Update 15 March 2018 10:29 AM
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