Hajj 1432

health instructions during haj
Health guidelines during Hajj:
Some  pilgrims are exposed  to certain diseases which spread during the Hajj season, while performing the rituals of Hajj , including:
  • Respiratory Diseases .
  •  Gastroenterology diseases .
  •  Food Poisoning .
  • Skin  diseases .
  • Eye Dryness .
  • Sunstroke and heat stress .
 Respiratory diseases:
It is the most common disease during Hajj, such as  common cold, seasonal flu and bronchitis , which are transmitted by droplets of coughing ,sneezing or talking.
Preventive Methods:
  • Wear mask, especially in crowded places, and replace it every 6 hours or when it's dirty.
  •  Use napkins to cover your nose and mouth when sneezing or coughing and then dispose in the trash, and if there is no tissue, it is preferable to use your upper arm, not your hands.
  •  Do not touch your eyes, nose or mouth until after washing your hands well.
  •  It is sufficient to shake hands when greeting others.
  •  Do not drink ice water or very cold water.
  •  Avoid direct exposure to the air conditioning when sweating.

 When infected it is advised to ...

  • Take rest and drink a lot of fluids containing vitamin C , as lemon, lime or orange juice .
  • Take  analgesics and antipyretics.
  • Visit your doctor if you have severe symptoms.

Pulmonary Tuberculosis and Hajj:

Pulmonary Tuberculosis is a disease that is easily spread in Hajj, due to overcrowding  and the arrival of pilgrims from endemic areas . TB is transmitted through air droplets during coughing, sneezing or talking. Therefore the Saudi ministry of health recommends that patients with pulmonary tuberculosis postpone Hajj, to subsequent years unless the following conditions are met:
  • Negative result of sputum test , which indicates the exclusion of transfer of infection to others.
  •  Tuberculosis is not resistant to antibiotics.
  • Compliance of the patient to take medications regularly.
If you suffer from continuous cough for more than two weeks you must  do the required tests prior to travel for Hajj to make sure you are free from Pulmonary Tuberculosis.
Methods of prevention of tuberculosis during Hajj:
  • Wear masks, especially in crowded places.
  •  Do not stay in crowded places unless it is necessary.
  •  Use tissues to cover your nose and mouth when sneezing or coughing and then dispose it in the trash.
  • Wash hands frequently.
  • Ventilate the place of your residence continuously.
  • Ensure to report your case to your campaign's doctor if there is anyone in your residence suffering from continuous cough for long periods.
  •  If you have Pulmonary TB, you must inform your campaign’s medical mission to follow-up with you during Hajj.
  • When you return safely to your country, it is preferable to consult your specialized doctor and do the necessary tests to make sure you did not get infected with tuberculosis during Hajj.

The use of masks, especially in crowded places, will protect you( after God's willing) from infectious diseases transmitted by droplets during coughing or sneezing .

Gastroenterology Diseases:
There is a group of diseases that affects the digestive system and spread during Hajj, including diarrhea, constipation, nausea, and vomiting, and to alleviate the complications you must follow the following instructions:
  • Stay away from meals that contain fat.
  • Ensure the cleanliness of food and its cooking well
  • Intake a lot of fluids so that the body is not exposed to dehydration
  • Visit the nearest health center if the diarrhea continues without interruption.
  • Eat more fresh fruits and vegetables.
  • Drink a lot of liquids
 Nausea and vomiting:


  • Stop temporarily the intake of  food and drinks until nausea and vomiting stop, except for  small amounts or when taking necessary medication .
  •   Drink fluids frequently in small quantities to avoid dehydration
Food poisoning in Hajj:
Many pilgrims are at risk of salmonella; a bacterial disease resulting in acute inflammation  in the intestines and colon, and its symptoms are abdominal pain, headache, high fever, diarrhea and vomiting. And is transmitted by:
  •  Drinking non boiled milk 
  •  Eating raw meat (without cooking), or uneven.
  •  Eating vegetables without washing them.
  •  Not washing hands before preparing food or before eating.
  •  Eat raw eggs or some foods that contains raw eggs, such as fresh mayonnaise.
  •  Eating shawarma, which proved to be a major cause of most cases.
Preventive Methods:


  • Wash your hands thoroughly before and after preparing food.
  • Use of clean water, preferably bottled mineral water for drinking and cooking. In case you are not sure of the cleanliness of the water , it must be boiled before use
  • Do not to drink tap water and unclean ice cubes
  • Ensure drinking pasteurized milk and dairy products, and select sealed  juice packs
  • Ensure the validity date of canned goods and non-leakage of their contents to  outside
  •   Food preservation of easily spoiled food (such as dairy products, tuna, and cheese) in the refrigerator before and after its opening
  • Ensure buying the packed food and not eating exposed foods and that have been prepared for long periods
  • Ensure cooking food thoroughly to kill germs
  • Stay away from buying food from street vendors, and ensure the disposal of the rest of the food and not to store it
  • Wash fruits and vegetables well before eating
  • It is  preferable to eat fruit with thick peel, such as bananas and oranges in order to ensure its cleanness  and not contamination
  • Use clean bowls and dishes , It's preferable  to use paper dishes and cups
  • Remember that change in the food color, taste and smell are evidence of food spoiling and poisoning.


Remember that storing of cooked food for more than two hours at room temperature or in the bus leads to the growth of bacteria and then food poisoning .

The most common skin diseases during the Hajj is skin abrasions (between the thighs).

preventive Methods:
  •  Use of powder, and other moisturizers .
  •  Walking with wide steps to avoid abrasions .
  •  Maintain cleanness and dryness at the area between the thighs .
Eye Dryness:
Caused by the presence of dust and dry air, and exposure to direct sunlight.
Preventive Methods:
  • Use of sunglasses .
  • Ensure bringing additional glasses in case of destruction or loss of the first, and preferably a plastic framework.
  • Do not use contact lenses unless after consulting your doctor .
  • Use moisturizing eye drops after consulting your doctor .


Heat stroke and heat stress:
  Preventive Methods:
  •  Drinking adequate amounts of fluids
  • Avoid exposure to sunlight for long periods ,and it is recommended to use good quality white umbrellas to reflect heat to outside and  block out the sun
  • Avoid excessive body stress
  • Take enough rest after performing each rite as much as possible, in order to revitalize the body.
  • Use loose cotton clothes
  • If you feel symptoms of heat stress or heat stroke such as high temperature, headache, dizziness, nausea, extreme tiredness, thirst and cramps of the abdominal and legs  muscles  you should:
  •  keep away from sunlight and use a cool and shaded place
  •  cool the body and spray it with cold water.
  • take enough rest
  • Take analgesics and antipyretics if necessary.
  • Visit the nearest health center in severe cases.

 Umbrella is practical and simple solution to the problem of strikes and sunburn

Identify areas where there are high thermal injuries :

  • Tawaf  particularly during the afternoon .
  • Saiee, especially when over crowding and high external temperature .
  • Arafat at noon .
  • Mena (places of slaughter and ritual of throwing  stones ), due to long distance and overcrowding  at the stoning ritual.


Prevention of infection with hepatitis or AIDS:
When shaving and cutting hair, you should follow the following guidelines to reduce the transmission of certain infectious diseases such as viral hepatitis (b) and (c), and possibly AIDS as follows:
  •  Shave in approved places and avoid the roads and sidewalks barbers
  • Ask your barber to wash his hands well with soap and water or use of sterile hand gel   before shaving or cutting hair .
  • Ensure the use of a single use razor .
  • Do not share shaving equipments with others .
  • Do not walk barefooted, to avoid needle bricking or contaminated razors on the ground.
 Remember that using your own shaving equipments is the best way to protect you from infection with hepatitis B and C and possibly HIV

Instructions For  Personal Hygiene:
  • Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water or use of sterile hand gel 
  • Cover  your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing and then dispose it in the trash, and if  napkins are not available ,use upper arms, and  not your hands
  • Wash your hands before and after eating ,after using the bathroom and after sneezing and coughing
  • Ensure regular cleanliness of the mouth and teeth .
  • dispose waste in special containers .
  • Take shower as much as possible with soap and water .
  • Ensure the cleanliness of your residence every day .
  • Use a mask, especially in crowded places .
  • Do not spit on the ground .It is the most serious mean for the transfer of diseases and the spread of infection .

 Hand hygiene is always important , but it is the most important in Hajj

Do not spit on the ground , it is a serious mean for the transfer of serious diseases and infection.

General Guidelines during Hajj:

  •  Do not ignite fire inside the tents and use of designated areas for cooking .
  •  Do not sleep on the sidewalks and roads, for the safety of pilgrims .
  •  Do not ride on the roofs of buses and cars .
  • Do not stampede at times of overcrowding , it puts everyone, especially the elderly, and women at risk
  • Compliance with the directions issued by the Ministry of Health and other government entities
  • Visit the nearest health center when needed.
  • Use the toilets when needed,  so as not to spread infectious diseases .
  • Avoid sacrifice only in unequipped places ,such as roads  and near tents, this exposes everyone to diseases and bad odor, slaughter should be in the allocated places  .

Last Update : 19 October 2011 02:24 PM
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