National Osteoporosis Awareness Campaign
Risk Factors
There are a variety of factors increasing the possibility of the incidence of osteoporosis, classified as follows:


  1. Non-modifiable factors (fixed)
  2. Modifiable factors (variable)


Non-modifiable factors (fixed)
  • Gender: Women are more vulnerable to osteoporosis than men.
  • Age: Older persons are more prone to the disease than the youth. Also, it is more likely that pre-menopausal women are affected by the disease than younger women.
  • Weight: underweight and leanness increase the likelihood of the incidence of osteoporosis.
  • Genetic factor: if any of the family members suffers from osteoporosis, then the probability of the disease incidence.
  • Race: White-skinned people are more susceptible to the disease than those with dark complexion.
Modifiable factors (variable)
  • Lack of exercise
  • Low intake of calcium and Vitamin D promotes the probability of osteoporosis
  • Smoking
  • Women's harmonic disorders and lack of estrogen in the post-menopausal phase
  • Taking some medications, such as cortisone and epilepsy medicines, among others, for a long time
  • Inadequate exposure to the sunlight
  • Some medical problems and disorders could affect bone health
Following are some of these problems and disorders:
  • Hyperactivity of the thyroid gland
  • Liver diseases
  • Lack of appetite
  • Lack of testosterone in men




Last Update : 08 February 2012 04:08 PM
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