National Osteoporosis Awareness Campaign
Risk Factors
There are a variety of factors increasing the possibility of the incidence of osteoporosis, classified as follows:


  1. Non-modifiable factors (fixed)
  2. Modifiable factors (variable)


Non-modifiable factors (fixed)
  • Gender: Women are more vulnerable to osteoporosis than men.
  • Age: Older persons are more prone to the disease than the youth. Also, it is more likely that pre-menopausal women are affected by the disease than younger women.
  • Weight: underweight and leanness increase the likelihood of the incidence of osteoporosis.
  • Genetic factor: if any of the family members suffers from osteoporosis, then the probability of the disease incidence.
  • Race: White-skinned people are more susceptible to the disease than those with dark complexion.
Modifiable factors (variable)
  • Lack of exercise
  • Low intake of calcium and Vitamin D promotes the probability of osteoporosis
  • Smoking
  • Women's harmonic disorders and lack of estrogen in the post-menopausal phase
  • Taking some medications, such as cortisone and epilepsy medicines, among others, for a long time
  • Inadequate exposure to the sunlight
  • Some medical problems and disorders could affect bone health
Following are some of these problems and disorders:
  • Hyperactivity of the thyroid gland
  • Liver diseases
  • Lack of appetite
  • Lack of testosterone in men




Content Evaluation
Reading times
Last Update 08 February 2012 04:08 PM
Do you find this content useful? Yes No Suggest
Satisfaction of visitorsA sign of happiness
Satisfaction of visitors Completely satisfied Satisfied Neutral Not Satisfied Completely dissatisfied
This site can be viewed on all screen tones and all smart devices and supports all kinds of browsers
All Rights Reserved – Ministry of Health – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia ©