Women's Health

Bacterial Vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis:
It is the most common cause of abnormal vaginal secretions in women, especially in the age group of 15-44 years, and it occurs when there are a large number of bacteria in the vagina, which changes the natural balance of bacteria therein.

In vagina, there are beneficial bacteria called “Lactobacilli” In people with bacterial vaginosis, the concentration of which decreases while the numbers of other “harmful” bacteria increase. The causes of these changes are unknown, and it cannot be contracted from toilet seats, bedding, or swimming pools.

Bacterial vaginosis and pregnancy:
Treatment of the bacterial vaginosis during pregnancy is very important, as it may result in a premature born baby or with a low birth weight.

Risk factors:

  • Use vaginal douche frequently.
  • Having more than one sex partner.
  • Not using a condom during sexual intercourse.
  • Pregnancy as a result of hormonal changes in the pregnant woman.
  • Using an intrauterine device.
  • Smoking.


  • Thin gray or green secretions.
  • A strong, fish-like odor (especially after sex or during and after the menstrual cycle).
  • Pain, itching, or burning in the vagina, especially when secretions increase.
  • A burning feeling when urinating, but it is uncommon.

A doctor can treat bacterial vaginosis with certain antibiotics when symptoms are present, so it is important to take all prescribed medications even if symptoms disappear and your sexual partner does not need treatment.


  • Maintain the balance of vaginal bacteria by using only warm water to clean the vagina from the outside, and no need to use soap, even mild soap can cause vaginal irritation.
  • Always wipe from front to back from the vagina to the anus.
  • Maintain ventilation of the area by wearing cotton or cotton-lined underwear.
  • Avoid using vaginal douche.
  • Use a condom when having sex.
  • stop smoking.

Instructions for those with bacterial vaginosis:

  • Complete treatment for bacterial vaginosis, even if symptoms disappear after several doses.
  • Do not use vaginal douche. The vagina is usually able to maintain a healthy balance of bacteria, but douching can upset this balance.
  • Avoid using scented soaps in the bathroom or vaginal deodorants.
  • Do not use strong detergents to wash underwear.

Last Update : 18 September 2023 03:25 PM
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