First Aid


What should you do when you see someone drowning?

  • Get immediate help from those present.
  • Make sure that the area is clear for the lifeguard.
  • Take the drowning person out of the water immediately if they are nearby, but if they are far you must not swim to them unless you are a skilled lifeguard.


First Aid Measures:

  • Place the drowning person on their back on a flat surface, and be careful when handling them as they may be unconscious after bumping their head against something.
  • Try to call the drowning person and shake their shoulders to make sure they are responding.
  • If the person does not respond, check their breathing.
  • Ask someone to call the Red Crescent (997).
  • If the person is breathing: Place them in the recovery position and warm them up with clothes or blankets. Change their wet clothes while waiting for the ambulance.


If the person is not breathing:

  1. Elevate the head by placing a hand on the forehead and another hand down the chin and lifting it gently to clear the airway.
  2. Check their pulse by placing two fingers on the windpipe (Adam's apple).
  3. Start artificial respiration (mouth-to-mouth resuscitation) straight away by slowly blowing into the mouth of the person 5 times (for 1.5 to 2 seconds) while observing their chest as it rises with each blow. Wait until the chest drops back before you blow into their mouth again.
  4. Start cardiopulmonary resuscitation CPR (30 chest compressions).
  5. Repeat mouth-to-mouth resuscitation twice then do CPR once, until the person wakes up or until the ambulance arrives.
  6. If the drowning person starts breathing again before the ambulance arrives, they must be warmed up with clothes or blankets and their wet clothes must be changed.
  7. Monitor the patient and keep checking their pulse and breathing until the ambulance arrives.


Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Procedure:


For further information:

Content Evaluation
Reading times
Last Update 12 September 2019 04:14 PM
Do you find this content useful? Yes No Suggest
Satisfaction of visitorsA sign of happiness
Satisfaction of visitors Completely satisfied Satisfied Neutral Not Satisfied Completely dissatisfied
This site can be viewed on all screen tones and all smart devices and supports all kinds of browsers
All Rights Reserved – Ministry of Health – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia ©