Vectors

ticks
group of diseases transmitted by the ticks:
What is the tick?
It is an insect sucking the animal blood and transmits the diseases by transferring the blood it holds in its mouth to another creature. It could suck the human blood too should they exist where it is. It exists in the animal sheds and forests.
 
Major diseases transmitted by the ticks:
• Lyme Disease
• Crimean–Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF)

 

 

​Disease Definition​ Symptoms ​ Treatment ​ Prevention  ​

Lyme Disease

 

It is a disease transmitted by the tick , transferring a type of bacteria to the human.​ • Signs similar to the influenza
• Rash
• Joint pains
• Disorders in the nerve system
• High temperature
• Headache
• Stomach pains and vomiting
• Eye inflammation
• Red spots in the throat
Types of antibiotic can be used aiming at controlling the inflammation experienced due to the bacterial infection​ • Keeping away from the regions where the ticks transmitting  lyme disease are rampant
• Wearing insecticide-treated clothing when in the regions where the ticks are rampant.
• After going to a safe place, take off your clothing and make an accurate self-examination looking for the ticks. If you found that an insect entered parts of mouth in the skin, get rid of it properly as it is important to eliminate the insect fully. And leaving its parts on the skin could transmit the infection. Afterwards, wash the afflicted area with water and soap.
• Wearing long-sleeved, light-colored shirt, long trousers, and front-closed shoes.
• Applying tick repellent substances to the clothes or skin.  
​ ​
Crimean–Congo hemorrhagic fever​ It is a disease transmitted by the tick bite and transfers a type of virus to the human. ​ • High temperature
• Headache
• Stomach pains and vomiting
• Eye inflammation
• Red spots in the throat
The healthcare in hospital to provide the drug helping diminish the associated symptoms:
• Complete comfort
• Intravenous therapy for making up for the dehydration
• Vital signs monitoring
• Blood transfusion if needed
• Use of antiviral drug: Ribavirin
 

 


Last Update : 07 May 2014 11:58 AM
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