During Pregnancy
Home

Gestational Diabetes

Introduction:
Gestational diabetes is any change in blood sugar levels that is diagnosed for the first time during pregnancy, whether the condition continues after childbirth or not.

  • In gestational diabetes, blood sugar usually returns to normal after delivery.
  • This condition develops when placental hormones prevent the body from using insulin effectively, which leads to sugar remaining in the blood instead of being absorbed by the cells.
  • The condition is diagnosed as “gestational diabetes", whether the female requires insulin or just some adjustments in her diet.

 

Risk Factors:
Any pregnant woman can develop gestational diabetes, but some women are at greater risk due to the following factors:

  • Advanced age.
  • Family History.
  • Excess weight.
  • Previous delivery of an infant with a high birthweight.

 

Complications:

  • Newborn with an excessive birthweight.
  • Newborn may develop low blood sugar shortly after birth
  • Fetal abnormalities.
  • Increased chances of developing preeclampsia.

 

Treatment:
Treatment may vary based on age, health status and other factors. Some treatment options may include:

  • Dietary Modifications..
  • Exercising.
  • Insulin.

 

Instructions:

  • Blood glucose levels must be maintained and monitored at home, and the results should be recorded.
  • Pregnant women must follow up with pregnancy clinics and diabetes clinics regularly and on time
  • Pregnant women should stick to a healthy diet as instructed by nutritionists.
  • Pregnant women should exercise as instructed by their doctors.
  • Urine must be tested daily to make sure there are no ketones present
  •  Diabetes medications or any other medications should be avoided.

For further information:

Last Update : 12 September 2019 04:41 PM
Reading times :

All Rights Reserved – Ministry of Health – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia ©