Breast Cancer


​​​​What is a m​ammogram, and how is it used?

Mammogram is a low X-ray image, used for screening and diagnosis. A mammogram is used for screening and diagnosis of breast cancer. Mammograms are the best way to find breast cancer early, when it is easier to treat and before it is big enough to feel or cause symptoms. A mammogram involves two X-ray images of each breast. It is necessary for early detection of breast cancer, when the lesion is too small to be detected by self-examination. Early detection increases the potential for a better cure.

A mammogram diagnosis is used when a woman experiences breast abnormalities. Several mammograms are conducted to reach an accurate diagnosis.

In most cases, mammography magnifies a small spot of the breast, to make its reading easier. And sometimes a second mammogram is conducted to confirm the first; so as to check on the lesions detected by the first mammogram.

How is a mammogram done?
The woman will stand in front of a special X-ray machine. A technologist will place her breast on a clear plastic plate. Another plate will firmly press her breast from above. The plates will flatten the breast, holding it still while the X-ray is being taken. She will feel some pressure, but causing no harm. The steps are repeated to make a side view of the breast. The other breast will be X-rayed in the same way. Eventually, the woman will get four images of her breasts.

Why should women get a mammogram?
Mammography is recommended by doctors for early detection of breast cancer. It shows early signs of cancerous lesions, long before the woman experiences any symptoms, or the doctor observes any changes. The earlier the therapeutic intervention, the greater the potential of cure and survival. Regular mammography is the best way for early detection of breast cancer.

Last Update : 12 August 2020 06:59 PM
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