Nervous System
Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurological disease that attacks the central nervous system and affects the brain and spinal cord, and causes a damage to the membrane surrounding cells and nerve called myelin; leading to hardening of the cells and thus slows or disrupts communication between your brain and the rest of your body.
 
Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis appear suddenly for the patient and his family and they vary depending on the location of affected nerve fibers.
 
The Multiple Sclerosis symptoms include the followings:
  • Numbness or tingling in the limbs.
  • Imbalance.
  • Weakness or spasm of muscles.
  • Double vision or blurring of vision or inability to distinguish colors.
  • Weakness and fatigue.
  • Slurred speech.
  • Affected memory and the ability to make a decision.
Diagnosis:
  • By linking symptoms to time and methods of occurrence.
  • Assessing condition of the patient and reviewing his medical history.
  • Clinical tests.
  • Some other tests, such as blood test.
  • Testing a sample of spinal fluid to detect any abnormal changes.
  • MRI of the brain.
  • Test measuring nerve impulses.
Treatment:
 
Treatment aims at controlling the symptoms and halting progress of the disease.
 
Used drugs:
  • Corticosteroids: Are prescribed to reduce inflammation.
  • Beta interferons: Can reduce the frequency and severity of relapses.
  • Glatiramer acetate: To help block your immune system's attack on nerves.
  • Fingolimod: Entrapping immune cells in the lymph nodes, which help a little to reduce the immune system attacks on the nerves.
  • Natalizumab: To reduce the immune system attack on the nerves.
  • Mitoxantrone: It is used only to treat severe and advanced MS, and it is an immunosuppressant drug.
  • Teriflunomide: It can reduce the immune system attacks on the nerves. 
Complications:
  • Muscle stiffness or spasms.
  • Paralysis, typically in the legs.
  • Problems with bladder and bowel.
  • Forgetfulness and inability to concentrate.
  • Depression.
  • Epilepsy.
 
Living with Multiple Sclerosis:
  • Rest.
  • Exercising.
  • Sometimes MS symptoms or disease attack appears after exposure to heat such as: (Sun heat, bathing with hot water or exposure to hot air), therefore the patient is always advised to avoid heat as much as possible.
  • Eating balanced healthy foods that help to maintain a healthy weight and strengthen immunity and maintain healthy bones.
  • Avoiding daily pressure.
 
 
 
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Last Update 27 May 2015 12:43 PM
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