2017 Blog
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
​​Definition:
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is an umbrella term used to describe progressive lung diseases, including emphysema and chronic bronchitis, causing airflow obstruction.
 
Causes:
  • Smoking is the leading cause of COPD.
  • Passive or secondhand smoke smoking (SHS) (i.e. the inhalation or exposure to smoke comes from smokers).
  • Hereditary factor (family history).
  • Exposure to air pollutants such as chemicals.
  • Respiratory infections.
 
Symptoms:
  • Increase in breathing rate.
  • Frequent coughing.
  • Wheezing.
  • Tightness in the chest.
 
Diagnoses:
  • Spirometry: It is the fastest and easiest way to diagnose COPD.
  • Chest X-ray.
  • CT scan.
 
Risk Factors:
  • Smoking.
  • Passive or secondhand smoking.
  • Exposure to gases and chemical vapors.
 
Complications:
  • Cardiac patients: Low oxygen levels strain or affect the heart and may lead to the risk of heart failure.
  • Respiratory tract infections: The COPD patient is more likely to get frequent colds, flu and pneumonia.
  • Depression: Some patients may get depressed; as a result of breathing difficulty and inability to do the normal daily activities.
 
 
Symptomatic Treatment:
  • Oxygen therapy.
  • Inhaled medications or Inhalers to make breathing easier.
  • Pulmonary rehabilitation program: The program is developed for COPD patients, which is a range of activities in health education, physical activities, and nutrition under the supervision of a group of specialists to improve the patients' health condition.
  • Taking the seasonal influenza vaccine for the prevention of recurrent respiratory tract inflammations.
 
Prevention:
  • Quitting smoking.
  • Avoiding exposure to chemical vapors and gases.
  • Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including physical activity and healthy nutrition.
  • Taking seasonal influenza.

 

 
 
 
 
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