2017 Blog
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is an umbrella term used to describe progressive lung diseases, including emphysema and chronic bronchitis, causing airflow obstruction.
  • Smoking is the leading cause of COPD.
  • Passive or secondhand smoke smoking (SHS) (i.e. the inhalation or exposure to smoke comes from smokers).
  • Hereditary factor (family history).
  • Exposure to air pollutants such as chemicals.
  • Respiratory infections.
  • Increase in breathing rate.
  • Frequent coughing.
  • Wheezing.
  • Tightness in the chest.
  • Spirometry: It is the fastest and easiest way to diagnose COPD.
  • Chest X-ray.
  • CT scan.
Risk Factors:
  • Smoking.
  • Passive or secondhand smoking.
  • Exposure to gases and chemical vapors.
  • Cardiac patients: Low oxygen levels strain or affect the heart and may lead to the risk of heart failure.
  • Respiratory tract infections: The COPD patient is more likely to get frequent colds, flu and pneumonia.
  • Depression: Some patients may get depressed; as a result of breathing difficulty and inability to do the normal daily activities.
Symptomatic Treatment:
  • Oxygen therapy.
  • Inhaled medications or Inhalers to make breathing easier.
  • Pulmonary rehabilitation program: The program is developed for COPD patients, which is a range of activities in health education, physical activities, and nutrition under the supervision of a group of specialists to improve the patients' health condition.
  • Taking the seasonal influenza vaccine for the prevention of recurrent respiratory tract inflammations.
  • Quitting smoking.
  • Avoiding exposure to chemical vapors and gases.
  • Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including physical activity and healthy nutrition.
  • Taking seasonal influenza.


Content Evaluation
Reading times
Last Update 22 October 2018 12:25 PM
Do you find this content useful? Yes No Suggest
Satisfaction of visitorsA sign of happiness
Satisfaction of visitors Completely satisfied Satisfied Neutral Not Satisfied Completely dissatisfied
This site can be viewed on all screen tones and all smart devices and supports all kinds of browsers
All Rights Reserved – Ministry of Health – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia ©