2009 Blog
Diabetes and Hypertension
01 January 2009
Hypertension is more prevalent among type 2 diabetes patients due to body weakness. Studies have shown that 64% of type 2 diabetes patients suffer from hypertension, whereas the percentage among healthy adults of the same age category is 25%. The situation is different among type 1 diabetics, who don’t suffer from hypertension in general unless they are affected by diabetic renopathy. But as hypertension is generally not associated with certain symptoms, all diabetic patients must undergo check up when they visit the doctor.
Hypertension accelerates diabetic complications affecting the arterioles in the areas of the retina, the kidneys, and the nerves. 
Both diabetes and hypertension cause arteriosclerosis as well as brain and heart clots. Therefore hypertension must be controlled within the normal range (less than 140/90mm). Such control can be attained through eliminating body weight, using less salt in food, avoiding stress, practicing exercises, and avoiding smoking. People whose diastolic blood pressure elevates to more than 90mm must continuously use tablets for controlling hypertension within the required range (130/85mm).
 
For protection against hypertension and relative complications the following must be observed:
  1. Body weight increase must be controlled.
  2. Excess salt in food must be avoided.
  3. Patient must follow regular treatment and periodical checkup.
  4. Treatment must not be altered unless as per medical consultation.
  5. Eyeground and kidney functions must always be checked.
  6. Sugar and cholesterol rates must be controlled.
  7. Smoking must be avoided.
Also, in order to avoid obstruction of arteries which causes brain strokes and heart clots diabetic patients who are affected by hypertension must use one 100mg tablet of aspirin daily unless any of the following health complications follows:
  1. Loss of control on blood pressure.
  2. Sensitivity to aspirin.
  3. Internal bleeding.
  4. Gastric ulcers.
  5. Usage of other medicines contradicting with aspirin.
  6. Failures of blood clotting functions.
Patient must seek medical consultation prior to using aspirin.
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